One of the most common skincare complaints that our experts hear each day is about enlarged or clogged pores. As well as looking unpleasant, they can also leave our skin uneven and affect our confidence. Luckily, there are things that you can do to minimise the appearance of your pores, including plenty of at-home products.
So what causes pores to become so visible? On average, we all have around 300,000 small holes in in the skin of our face. These are designed to produce sweat and natural oils that help to maintain healthy skin by acting as a barrier against the environment. The problem comes when our pores become clogged by excessive oil, dirt or dead skin cells. Once the pores are clogged, they can appear much larger – and it’s once that dirt and oil oxidises in the air that it turns darker and becomes a pesky blackhead.
In addition to clogging, pores can also become larger as a natural result of the ageing process. As our collagen and elastin levels deplete, pores can begin to open wider as gravity takes effect. Replenishing collagen in the skin can therefore help to plump up the surface, and in turn minimise the appearance of pores.
There are three main types of products that are essentials for thoroughly cleansing and minimising your pores. These are:
As mentioned, pores become blocked when there’s an excess of dirt and grime that gets into them. Sebum, makeup, sweat and general dirt from the environment can all contribute to the ‘gunk’ we find in our pores, so it’s essential to make sure we cleanse regularly.
Many experts recommend ‘double cleansing’, especially if you wear a lot of makeup. A product designed specifically to remove makeup, followed by a gentle cleanser that you can massage into your pores, is the perfect combination to keep dirt at bay.
Dead skin cells are another main offender when it comes to clogging our pores, making them appear larger and more noticeable. Exfoliating 2-3 times a week will help to buff dead skin away, but be careful not to use anything too harsh. Exfoliators with large beads in can actually tear at the skin, causing pores to open up more; so choose products that have more finely milled exfoliants to be kinder to skin.
Once your skin has been thoroughly cleansed and dead skin cells buffed away, there are numerous moisturisers, masks and skin treatments that you can use that will benefit your pores. Pores can look more enlarged on dry skin as well as on very blemished skin, so keeping skin hydrated will improve their appearance.
Similarly, as ageing can naturally make pores more noticeable, any anti-ageing products that boost collagen and elastin levels will also have a positive impact on them. On top of this, there are also a range of products designed specifically to refine the appearance of pores.
Minimising Pores: General Tips
– Before cleansing, press a hot cloth on your skin for a few minutes. This will open up the pores, making it easier to remove deeply engrained dirt. They will also be open after a shower or bath, making that the ideal time to apply a face mask or pore treatment.
– Treat yourself to regular facials to deep cleanse your skin and stimulate collagen production. Find out more about the facials available in Regis salons.
– Make sure to use a primer before applying makeup. This will act a barrier between the oils and other ingredients of the makeup and your skin.
– As pores are often most visible on your nose and chin, products specifically designed to help combat an oily t-zone could benefit your problem without drying out the rest of your skin.
– Avoid touching your face throughout the day, as this can spread dirt and oil into your pores.
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