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Glossary of Terms

Before you read the descriptions of our classic colour services, it might be a good idea to familiarise yourself with these commonly used hair colour terms:

Base colour: if not your natural hair colour, a base colour is a professional colour treatment that is applied at the root area or all over prior to the application of a dimensional or creative colour.

Colour contouring: this colouring technique uses a combination of free hand application and highlighting paired with the careful positioning of varied tones and depths around the face to highlight and shadow targeted areas. Darker tones create shadows and are used to shorten or narrow the face shape, whilst lighter tones elongate and lengthen the face shape by reflecting light. This clever use of colour placement and the careful selection of complimentary tones perform an optical illusion to make your face appear more defined and features more accentuated.

Cool: this is a tonal reference that can apply to blonde, brunette and red shades. A colour is said to have a ‘cool tone’ if it inclines towards blue, violet or green. Cool tones include platinum blondes, ash browns and plum reds.

Coverage: this is a measure of a hair colour’s ability to cover greys and pre-existing hair colour, whether natural or dyed. Your stylist will be able to create a colour formulation that resists transparency and fading to effectively cover greys.

Dimension: this is a function of the range of tones in your hair. A head of hair that is all one colour, usually the result of a box dye, is said to be ‘flat’, ‘dull’ or lacking dimension. Dimension can be added to hair using highlights or lowlights.

Double-process: this term refers to anytime two colour services are done in one visit. Typically, the first colour service is completed by washing and drying the hair before applying the second colour. This can include lightening the hair and then following this with a toner, or applying a permanent colour followed by Wella colour gloss for optimum shine.

Gloss: this involves using a semi-permanent colour to enhance, enrich, tone down or intensify natural or colour-treated hair while harmonizing contrast.

Lift: this is the chemical process of lightening the colour of the hair. Different hair colour formulas will contain varying lifting abilities.

Opal: the opal-essence range is a new shade family of five opalescent no-depth shades, that give a metallic milky sheen with both warm and cool light reflections. Depending on the base colour, shades available vary from silver mauve, chrome olive, platinum lily, titanium rose and copper peach.

Pastels: a popular colour trend, pastels refer to the softened, lightened hues of colours such as red, purple, green, orange, yellow or blue. Pastel tones of colour are defined as colourants and toning shades, and for optimum results are applied to very pale blonde hair to create tones such as lavender, pink or mint green.

Rebalancing: this is the process of bringing the hair back in to balance and is especially useful for hair that has not been recoloured for a long period of time. Rebalance can be achieved with the combination of highlights, lowlights and/or glossing treatments.

Root stretch: this is a popular technique our stylists use to blend out your natural root colour. Achieved by painting on the colour first as though we’re doing a normal root touch up, our stylists then weave out sections of the hair to “stretch” the root colour which can extend to around a quarter, or even halfway down the hair.

Single-process: this process refers to any colour service that is completed in one step. This can be using a permanent colour that lifts and deposits, a gloss, highlights/lowlights without the need to tone afterwards, or a creative colour treatment achieved using just one process.

Texture: this is defined by the diameter of an individual hair strand and is generally described as either fine, medium or coarse. Your stylist will factor in your hair’s texture when determining the best colour formulation.

Tone: in hair colouring terms, tone is used to describe a specific colour i.e. ‘golden’ blonde, ‘coppery’ red, or ‘ash’ brown. Colours are typically categorised into warm and cool tones. Your stylist will be able to determine which tone is right for you depending on your skin tone and eye colour.

Warm: this is a tonal reference that can apply to blonde, brunette and red shades. A hair colour is said to have ‘warm tones’ if it inclines towards yellow, orange or red. Warm tones include golden blondes, auburn brunettes and coppery reds.

Discover the full range of colour services available at Regis salons nationwide.

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